The same VIIRS visible image (above) besides capturing Norbert also caught a weakening Tropical Storm Marie as it continued toward the Central Pacific Ocean. The remains of the deep convection associated with Marie continues to get further displaced from the exposed low-level center due strong upper-level westerly winds, with the gap now over 100 nautical miles between those two features. Too steep. The National Hurricane Center (NHC) noted that Marie’s center is embedded beneath a central dense overcast feature, and the band of thunderstorms in the western quadrant of the storm has become more pronounced and continuous. NASA research shows that a tropical cyclone with a hot tower in its eyewall was twice as likely to intensify within six or more hours, than a cyclone that lacks a hot tower. The other two major hurricanes were Douglas and Genevieve, both peaked at a Category 4 strength in the month of August. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, https://pmm.nasa.gov/gpm/imerg-global-image, NASA Aids Disaster Response after Eta and Iota Hit Central America. By 5 a.m. EDT on Oct. 6, Tropical Depression 19E strengthened into a tropical storm and was re-dubbed Norbert. Costliest U.S. Water vapor imagery indicates that the easterly [wind] shear over the cyclone has continued to decrease and should be generally low for the next 3 days, and upper-level divergence will also be in place during that period to help ventilate the storm. Those towering thunderstorms have the potential for heavy rain. The storm made landfall in Nicaragua as a Category 4 hurricane, ... the unusually busy 2020 season tied a record set in 2005 for the most storms. Maximum sustained winds are near 90 mph (150 kph) with higher gusts. NASA research has shown that cloud top temperatures that cold indicate strong storms that have the capability to create heavy rain. That heavy rainfall near the center is suggestive of hot towering thunderstorms. Looking back at Hurricane Gustav's record 211 mph wind gust, Global warming and the frequency of intense Atlantic hurricanes: model results. Another storm, Hurricane Marie, developed in September but became a hurricane during October. Warmer waters can help with tropical cyclone intensification, while cooler waters can weaken tropical cyclones. Marie was just the fourth hurricane of the 2020 season, which is tied for the second fewest since 1981. Hurricane Marie’s cloud top temperatures and found strongest storms were around Marie’s center of circulation. Rapid strengthening is forecast by the National Hurricane Center. Infrared and water vapor data from NASA’s Aqua, Terra and NASA-NOAA’s Suomi NPP satellite were used to help forecasters assess the environment where Marie was headed. It extends approximately 9 miles/14.5 km high in the tropics. What IMERG does is “morph” high-quality satellite observations along the direction of the steering winds to deliver information about rain at times and places where such satellite overflights did not occur. Marie, which formed on August 22, 2014, would end up becoming the seventh-most intense Pacific hurricane on record, and it was at its strongest — a Cat 5 with 160 mph winds — while directly in Southern California’s swell window. Tropical Depression: … ... summer 2020 … It made landfall on the southeast coast of Yabucoa with winds at … Powerful Hurricane Marie can be seen in this nighttime satellite imagery from early Saturday, Oct. 3, 2020. These towers are called “hot” because they rise to such altitude due to the large amount of latent heat. For updated forecasts. Live hurricane tracker, latest maps & forecasts for Atlantic & Pacific tropical cyclones, including Disturbance 90L, Tropical Cyclone Five. Rainfall throughout most of the storm and in bands of thunderstorms west of the center was occurring at a rate of between 2 and 15 mm (0.08 to 0.6 inches) per hour. NASA’s expertise in space and scientific exploration contributes to essential services provided to the American people by other federal agencies, such as hurricane weather forecasting. At 11 a.m. EDT (1500 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Marie was located near latitude 22.1 degrees north and longitude 135.1 degrees west. 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